The first issue of the journal Scholarly Notes of Chita State Pedagogical University was published in 1957. The papers published were classified into separate series: Physics and mathematics; Natural sciences; Issues of the CPSU and political economy; Issues of history and archeology; Russian and literature; Teaching and upbringing; Study of the foreign languages.
Among the authors of the journal there were both famous scientists and young researchers who are scholars of authority in different areas of science nowadays: I.A. Valentinova, A.I. Gorshkov, A.G. Inter, L.Yu. Korenyuk, P.E. Kryazhev, M.A, Masalov, A.P. Okladnikov, I.M. Osokin, C.E. Pavlovich, V.M. Radygin, M.I. Rizhskyi, A.A. Tatuiko, K.V. Tyn, V.A. Tyn, G.E. Chepurnykh, M.A. Chistov, A.G. Shchepin, B.A. Shishkin, A.P. Shkatulova, etc.
In the late 1990s the journal was retitled as Scholarly Notes of Zabaikalsky State Humanitarian-Pedagogical University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky and included several series: Natural Sciences; Physics, Mathematics, Engineering, Technology; Philology, History, Oriental Studies; Pedagogy and Psychology; Philosophy, Cultural Studies, Sociology, Social Work; Vocational Education, Theory and Methods of Teaching. The series sections included the following: ‘According to the pages of scholarly notes of the past’; ‘Scientific research’; ‘Scientific reports’; ‘People. Years. Events’; ‘Book review’; ‘Information for authors’, and ‘Author guidelines’. A well-known professor T.K. Klimenko (Doctor of Pedagogy) was the journal’s editor-in-chief for a long time.
At present, Scholarly Notes of Transbaikal State University is a serial publication which has international standard serial numbers (ISSN) and the profile editorial board.
Scholarly Notes of Transbaikal State University is included into the Russian Science Citation Index and is registered in Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, the international library directory and database.